The progress of a country is assessed from the resources it contains and also from its manpower . Obviously , population is one of the major factors that shape the future of a country . But, when the population grows beyond the affordable limit, it becomes a burden . Bangladesh is a country over- burdened with an excessive population.
The present condition of our population is a quite alarming . This small country covering 55,598 square miles of area is residence to more than 140 milion people. She is the eighth largest country in terms of population . If this galloping horse continues, the population will be double in thirty years . The population has grown to such an extent that it is now a- days called ‘ population Explosion ‘. So, population problem is a challenge to the very existence of our nation.
Population problem is at the root of all other critical problems. The government cannot afford to provide the basic necessaries of life like food, clothing , educational , medicine and shelter. Most of the farmers here still use ancient means of cultivation . Naturally , there is not enough crop – yield to feed the vast people . Fragmentation of land is gradually reducing the amount of land. Unemployment problem is rising very badly . Shortage of medicine has created a general health problem. Growth of population in the slums of the cities is also causing environmental problems .
It is not too late for us to check the over – growth of our population . The importance of family – planning should be taught to the people . Parents should be discouraged to have more than two children . Spread of female educational will certainly help us to have an educated womenfolk. Laws should be enforced to ban polygamy and early marriage . It is encouraging that the publicity through radio, television and other mass – media has already made the general public aware of the problem.
Whatever steps are taken for the control of population growth in Bangladesh , It should always be kept in mind that only education can make the people more aware and sensible about the problem.